Selected Marine Biosecurity Reports

Heading into Port Fourchon, Louisiana at dusk.

Heading into Port Fourchon, Louisiana at dusk.


Biofouling, Marine Pests and Pathway Management

Atalah J, Fletcher LM, Hopkins GA, Heasman K, Woods CMC, Forrest BM (2016) Preliminary assessment of biofouling on offshore mussel farms. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 47: 376–386.

Atalah J, Hopkins GA, Fletcher LM, Castinel A, Forrest BM (2015) Concepts for biocontrol in marine environments: is there a way forward? Management of Biological Invasions 6: 1-12.

Atalah J, Newcombe EM, Hopkins GA, Forrest BM (2014) Potential biocontrol agents for biofouling on artificial structures. Biofouling 30: 999-1010.

Atalah J, Rabel H, Forrest BM (2016b) Blue mussel over-settlement predictive model and web application. Prepared for Marine Farming Association. Cawthron Report No. 2801. 19p.

Atalah J, Rabel H, Forrest BM (2017) Modelling long-term recruitment patterns of blue mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis: a biofouling pest of green-lipped mussel aquaculture in New Zealand. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 9: 103-114.

Floerl O, Forrest B, Hopkins G (2015) Likely emissions of antifouling biocides from the wreck of MV Rena: addendum. Beca, Cawthron Report No. 2685A.

Forrest B (2017) Vessel hard-stand survey and biofouling risk factors. Top of the South Marine Biosecurity Partnership Technical Report 2017/02. 29p.

Forrest B (2018) Regional recreational vessel fouling and marine pest survey 2017/18. Technical Report 2018/01, Top of the South Marine Biosecurity Partnership, Nelson, June 2018. 32p.

Forrest B, Floerl O (2018b) Regional application of antifouling and in-water cleaning guidance. Prepared for Tasman District Council, Envirolink Small Advice Grant 1827-TSDC140, Cawthron Report 3135. 22p.

Forrest BM, Atalah J (2017) Significant impact from blue mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis biofouling on aquaculture production of green-lipped mussels in New Zealand. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 9: 115-126.

Forrest BM, Hopkins GA, Dodgshun TJ, Gardner JPA (2007c) Efficacy of acetic acid treatments in the management of marine biofouling. Aquaculture 262: 319-332.

Hopkins GA, Forrest BM (2008) Management options for vessel hull fouling: an overview of risks posed by in-water cleaning. ICES J Mar Sci 65: 811-815.

Hopkins GA, Forrest BM (2010a) Challenges associated with pre-border management of biofouling on oil rigs. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60: 1924-1929.

Hopkins GA, Forrest BM (2010b) Vessel biofouling as a vector for the introduction of non-indigenous marine species to New Zealand: Slow-moving barges and oil platforms. Biosecurity New Zealand Project ZBS2005-02,Biosecurity New Zealand Technical Paper No: 2010/12. 40p.

Lacoursière-Roussel A, Forrest B, Guichard F, Piola R, McKindsey C (2012) Modeling biofouling from boat and source characteristics: a comparative study between Canada and New Zealand. Biological Invasions 14: 2301-2314

Biosecurity and Management Tools

Floerl O, Hopkins G, Forrest B (2014) Lyttelton Port recovery plan: assessment of marine biosecurity risks. Lyttelton Port of Christchurch Ltd, Cawthron Report No. 2598.

Forrest B (2011) The New Zealand King Salmon Company Limited: assessment of environmental effects -biosecurity. New Zealand King Salmon Company Limited, Cawthron Report No. 1981.

Forrest B (2016) Biosecurity Assessment for Trans-Tasman Resources Ltd Iron Sand Mining Proposal. 12p.

Forrest B, Fletcher L (2015) Managing biosecurity risk pathways in shellfish aquaculture: options for biofouling. Prepared for the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Contract CAW1315. Cawthron Report No. 2642. 22p plus appendix

Forrest B, Hopkins G (2009) Assessment of marine biosecurity risks from exploratory drilling at the Tuatara site. Resource and Environmental Management Nelson Ltd (REM) and Australian Worldwide Exploration New Zealand Pty Ltd (AWE), Cawthron Report No. 1632.

Forrest B,Lawless P (2018) Nelson marina vessel biofouling: Overview of potential measures for risk reduction. Report prepared for Nelson City Council. 57p.

Forrest B, Sinner J (2016) A benefit-cost model for regional marine biosecurity pathway management. Preparedfor Northland Regional Council. Cawthron Report No. 2779. 23p.

Forrest B, Zaiko A (2016) Marine biosecurity risks from offshore Maui facilities. Prepared for Shell Todd Oil Services Ltd. Cawthron Report No. 2812. 68p.

Forrest BM, Hopkins GA (2013) Population control to mitigate the spread of marine pests: insights from management of the Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida and colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum. Management of Biological Invasions 4: 317-326.

Forrest BM, Taylor MD, Sinner J (2006) Setting priorities for the management of marine pests using a risk-based decision support framework. In: Allen RB, Lee WG (eds) Biological invasions in New Zealand. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 299-405.

Hopkins G, Castinel A, Forrest B (2013) Marine Biosecurity Management Plan for the Jack-Up Drilling Rig, Ensco 107. Prepared for OMV New Zealand Ltd. Cawthron Report No. 2418. 15p plus appendices 

Hopkins G, Castinel A, Forrest B (2014) Marine biosecurity management plan for the heavy-lift vessel MV Talisman. ENSCO PLC, Cawthron Report No. 2477.

Hopkins GA, Forrest BM, Jiang W, Gardner JPA (2011) Successful eradication of a non-indigenous marine bivalve from a subtidal soft-sediment environment. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 424-431.

Newcombe E, Forrest B (2012) Risk of harvest–associated spread of the invasive kelp, Undaria pinnatifidain Southland. Environment Southland, Cawthron Report No. 2266.

Piola RF, Denny CM, Forrest BM, Taylor MD (2009) Marine biosecurity: management options and response tools. In:Williams PA, Clout MN (eds) Invasive Species Management: A Handbook of Principles and Techniques. Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, pp 205-231.

Sinner J, Berkett N, Forrest B, Hopkins G (2012) Harmful Aquatic Organisms -Recommendations for the Auckland Unitary Plan. Prepared for Auckland Council. Cawthron Report No. 2232. 71p plus appendices.

Sinner J, Forrest BM, Taylor MD (2000) A strategy for managing the Asian kelp Undaria: final report. Cawthron Report 578, Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand. 122 p, Cawthron Report No. 578.

South PM, Floerl O, Forrest BM, Thomsen MS (2017) A review of three decades of research on the invasive kelp Undaria pinnatifida in Australasia: An assessment of its success, impacts and status as one of the world's worst invaders. Marine Environmental Research 131: 243-257

Environmental monitoring and assessment

Barter P, Forrest B (2002) Monitoring receiving environment effects. In: New Zealand Municipal Wastewater Monitoring Guidelines, Chapter 11. Ray, D.E. (Ed). New Zealand Water Environment Research Federation, Wellington. 

Forrest B, Cahill P, Newcombe E, Taylor D (2014) Marine pests and management priorities for shellfish aquaculture. Prepared for the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Contract CAWX0802. Cawthron Report No. 2285. 39p plus appendices.

Forrest B, Clarke M (2005) Assessment of 2MTT discharge effects in Doubtful Sound: biological monitoring of rockwall communities. Meridian Energy Ltd, Cawthron Report No. 1028.

Forrest B, Cornelisen C (2015) Monitoring framework for the Waikato Coastal Marine Area: Report 1 –Rationale and key elements. Waikato Regional Council Technical Report 15/38. Cawthron Report No. 2415. 36p plus appendices.

Forrest B, Cornelisen C, Clement D, Keeley N, Taylor D (2015) Monitoring framework for the Waikato coastal marine area: Report 2 –Regional aquaculture monitoring priorities and guidance. Prepared for Waikato Regional Council. Waikato Regional Council Technical Report 15/39. Cawthron Report No. 2429. 67p

Forrest B, Gibbs M, Hatton S (2004) Doubtful Sound adaptive management programme. Meridian Energy Ltd, Cawthron Report No. 932.

Forrest B, Gillespie PA, Cornelisen C, Rogers K (2007) Multiple indicators reveal river plume influence on sediments and benthos in a New Zealand coastal embayment. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 41: 13-24.

Forrest B, Hopkins G (2017) Grouping aquaculture species by their ecological effects. Ministry for Primary Industries, Cawthron Report No. 2984.

Forrest B, Hopkins G, Webb S, Tremblay L (2011) Overview of marine biosecurity risks from finfish aquaculture development in the Waikato Region. Waikato Regional Council Technical Report, TR 2011/22. 94p.

Forrest B, Jiang W (2004) Potential effects of amended tailrace discharge: what can we learn from the Meridian rockwalldata. Meridian Energy Ltd, Cawthron Report No. 886.

Forrest B, Keeley N, Gillespie P, Hopkins G, Knight B, Govier D (2007) Review of the ecological effects of marine finfish aquaculture. Prepared for the Ministry of Fisheries. Cawthron Report No. 1285, Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand. 73p plus appendices.

Forrest B, Knight B, Barter P, Berkett N, Newton M (2016) Opportunities for an integrated approach to marine environmental monitoring in the Marlborough Sounds. Marlborough District Council, Cawthron Report No. 2924.

Forrest BM, Keeley NB, Hopkins GA, Webb SC, Clement DM (2009) Bivalve aquaculture in estuaries: review and synthesis of oyster cultivation effects. Aquaculture 298: 1-15.

Gibbs M, Forrest B (2003) Review of the proposed performance indicators and trigger levels for the marine farming zone in Wilson's bay. Cawthorn Report No. 800, Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand. 8p.

Hopkins GA, Forrest BM, Clarke M (2004) Environmental impacts of the Otanerau Bay salmon farm, Marlborough Sounds.

Keeley NB, Forrest BM, Crawford C, Macleod CK (2012) Exploiting salmon farm benthic enrichment gradients to evaluate the regional performance of biotic indices and environmental indicators. Ecological Indicators 23: 453-466.

Keeley NB, Forrest BM, Macleod CK (2015) Benthic recovery and re-impact responses from salmon farm enrichment: Implications for farm management. Aquaculture 435: 412-423.

Keeley NB, Macleod CK, Forrest BM (2012b) Combining best professional judgement and quantile regression splinesto improve characterisation of macrofaunal responses to enrichment. Ecological Indicators 12: 154-166.

Keeley NB, Macleod CK, Hopkins GA, Forrest BM (2014) Spatial and temporal dynamics in macrobenthos during recovery from salmon farm induced organic enrichment: When is recovery complete? Marine Pollution Bulletin 80: 250-262.

Knight B, Forrest B, Johnson C (2015) Macquarie Harbour environmental and fish health monitoring review. Department of Parks, Water and Environment Tasmania, Cawthron Report No. 2729.

Knight B, Forrest B, Taylor D, MacKenzie AL, Vennell R (2017) Potential aquaculture expansion in the eastern Bay of Plenty -a high-level scoping study of environmental issues. Bay of Plenty Regional Council, Cawthron Report No. 3056.

Sneddon R, AtalahJ, Forrest B, MacKenzie L, Floerl O (2016) Assessment of impacts to benthic ecology and marine ecological resources from the proposed Lyttelton Harbour Channel Deepening Project. Lyttelton Port of Christchurch Ltd, Cawthron Report No. 2860